Uganda has the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in Sub-Saharan Africa. 50% of girls are married before they reach 18. According to the 2006 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey, one out of every four teenagers is pregnant. This represents about 25% of the teenagers getting pregnant annually.
About 56% of the population of Uganda is below 18 and the girls form more than 60% of this population. And yet sexually active teenagers, who do not use contraception, have a 90% chance of getting pregnant within a year.
A survey conducted by ANPPCAN in Orom sub county, Kitgumu district in January indicated that 25% of households were headed by child mothers. The survey also showed that teenage mothers were among the poorest of the poor. Another survey conducted in Mukono Municipality by Child Care and Youth Empowerment Foundation in April, revealed an increase in the number of teenagers delivering in health centers. Out of the 4,860 deliveries in the three main Government aided health centers between July 2009 and June 2010, 505 of them were by girls below 18 years of age. The survey also showed that most child mothers were either orphans or came from broken families. With a 25% rate of child mothers, Uganda is among the countries with the highest teenage pregnancies in Africa. Research shows that in sub-Saharan Africa, child pregnancy has spelt doom for adolescent mothers, who are forced to drop out of school. Also, adolescents are twice likely to die or develop health complications while giving birth because their bodies are not prepared to have children. A lack of reproductive health education and other related opportunities within the school and the community systems leaves girl child with little understanding of their health and rights as women and many are forced to leave school early due to pregnancies.