The highest cause of death for children in the United States is congenital birth defects. The highest cause of death for children in the UK is premature birth complications. In other parts of the developed world, it's pneumonia, dehydration, or other conditions. Tragic, heartbreaking, but difficult to combat in young children with young immune systems.
By contrast, by far the highest cause of death for children in India is a problem many of us in Westernized, developed countries forget about. A problem so easily addressed. In India, the average child is by far more likely to die by drowning than by any other cause. In rural India, parents and community leaders dread monsoon season, when torrential rains and flooding conditions take the lives of thousands of children. They grieve when their children are taken by the commonplace deep pit wells and irrigation systems constructed in many places in rural India. And unable to swim, they are stricken with an inability to give their children the skills they could use to survive a drowning risk.