- Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life.
- 25.8 million people (or 8.3 percent of the U.S. population) have diabetes. 18.8 million are diagnosed and 7 million are undiagnosed.
- Total deaths from diabetes are projected to rise by more than 50 percent in the next 10 years.
- There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, which is characterized by a lack of insulin production and type 2 diabetes, which results from the body's ineffective use of insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes, and accounts for around 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in adults.
- Pregnant women who have never had diabetes before, but have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy are said to have gestational diabetes. It occurs in 2 to 10 percent of pregnancies.
- Lack of awareness about diabetes, combined with insufficient access to health services, can lead to complications such as blindness, amputation, and kidney failure.
- 30 minutes of moderately intense physical activity on most days and a healthy diet can drastically reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- 13 million men have diabetes (or 11.8 percent of all men 20-years and older) versus 12.6 million women who have diabetes (or 10.8 percent of all women 20-years and older).
- Total health care and related costs for the treatment of diabetes run about $174 billion annually.
- Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death listed on U.S. death certificates.
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Sources: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, American Diabetes Association, National Diabetes Education Program