5 Things to Know About Women in the Workplace

Today, women make up almost half of the work force, but for those working full-time (who are also college graduates) – their pay is far from equal. Women earn on average 82 percent of what their male peers do. Whoa. Experts say there are several reasons for this: college majors, occupation and the number of hours they work.

According to a study by the Institute for Women's Policy Research, women earned less in every occupation except bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks. Currently, there are a number of laws in place that are working to help bring about equality. However, there is still a ways to go. Want to know more about women in the American workplace? Check out these facts:

  1. In 1900, 18.8 percent of women were in the workforce. Many took jobs in factories and mills, while others worked as teachers, nurses, typists, and sales clerks. Some broke into "traditional" male careers like science, medicine, and law.
     
  2. Women held 51.5 percent of management, professional and related positions in 2012.
     
  3. Although there are many more female secretaries and administrative assistants, the few men in these fields make more than their counterparts.
     
  4. In 2012, 57.7 percent of women 16-years and older were in the labor force, compared to 70.2 percent of all men.
     
  5. For young women (ages 25-29) at the beginning of their careers the annual wage gap is $1,700. However, for women in the final 5 years of their careers before retirement, the wage gap grows to $14,352. (What the what?!)

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 - Kori Williams is a NYC freelance writer, who loves music, food, and photography. Her favorite cause is Human Rights.

Sources: Discovery Education, Center for American ProgressTime, Catalyst.org, USA TodayCBS, San Francisco Chronicle