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- The majority of Americans (almost 300 million people) get their tap water from public water systems. The other 15% receive water from private water systems not subject to government regulation.
- Most tap water contains fluoride, a salt compound that helps prevent cavities.
- 780 million people lack access to improved drinking water supplies and 2.5 billion people — half of the developing world — lack access to adequate sanitation.
- Americans now use 127% more water than in 1950, and about 95% of the water entering our homes goes down the drain. Encourage your friends to preserve water by only using 13 gallons in one day (it’s harder than it sounds!). Sign up for 13 Gallon Challenge.
- The EPA requires all community water systems in the US to report drinking water quality systems to its customers annually. This includes details on where the water comes from, what contaminants have been found in the water, and potential health effects.
- The CDC declared drinking water fluoridation as one of the top 10 public health achievements of the 20th century.
- Some old water pipes still contain lead, a poisonous metal. Lead may cause a range of health effects including behavioral problems and learning disabilities. Children six years old and under are most at risk because this is when the brain is developing.
- Americans drink more than a billion glasses of tap water per day.
- Diseases like schistosomiasis and guinea worm disease could decrease by 80% with the help of improved hygiene, sanitation, and drinking water.
- There are over 2,100 known drinking water contaminants that may be present in tap water in any given region.
- Over 300,000 groundwater sites in the US are contaminated and therefore harmful to human and animal health.
US Environmental Protection Agency. "Private Drinking Water Wells." March 6, 2012. Web Accessed July 28, 2014.
US Environmental Protection Agency. "Basic Information about Fluoride in Drinking Water." July 23, 2013. Web Accessed July 28, 2014.
UNICEF. "Water, Sanitation and Hygiene." Web Accessed July 25, 2014.
Clift, Jon, and Amanda Cuthbert. "Water, Use Less--save More: 100 Water-saving Tips for the Home." Web Accessed July 28, 2014.
US Environmental Protection Agency. "Basic Information." January 3, 2013. Web Accessed July 28, 2014.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Ten Great Public Health Achievements -- United States, 1900-1999." Web Accessed July 28, 2014.
US Environmental Protection Agency. "Basic Information about Lead in Drinking Water." February 5, 2014. Web Accessed July 26, 2014.
US Environmental Protection Agency. "Water Facts." June 2004. Web Accessed July 28, 2014.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Global WASH Fast Facts: Information on Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene." Web Accessed July 28, 2014.
ORO Foundation. "Some Facts about the drinking water problem in India." April 25, 2014. Web Accessed July 28, 2014.
University of Illinois at Chicago Department of Civil and Materials Engineering."BIOREMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED SITES." Web Accessed July 28, 2014.