11 Facts About Dyslexia

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  1. Dyslexia is the most common learning disability. Individuals with this medical condition have difficulty in the areas of language processing.
     
  2. 1 in 5 people suffer from dyslexia.
     
  3. About 70 to 85 percent of children who are placed in special education for learning disabilities are dyslexic.
     
  4. Dyslexia does not reflect an overall defect in language, but a localized weakness within the phonologic module of the brain (where sounds of language are put together to form words or break words down into sounds).
     
  5. People with dyslexia are usually more creative and have a higher level of intelligence.
     
  6. Those with dyslexia use only the right side of the brain to process language, while non-dyslexics use three areas on the left side of the brain to process language.
     
  7. Children have a 50 percent chance of having dyslexia if one parent has it. And a 100 percent chance if both parents have it.
     
  8. Dyslexia ranges from mild to severe. Around 40 percent of people with dyslexia also have ADHD. And those with dyslexia use about 5 times more energy to complete mental tasks.
     
  9. Dyslexia is not a disease so there is no cure. It’s a learning disability that includes difficulty in the use/processing of linguistic and symbolic codes, alphabetic letters representing speech sounds or number and quantities.
     
  10. Dyslexics do not “see” words backwards. The “b-d” letter reversal for example is mainly caused by deficits in interpreting left and right.
     
  11. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services estimates that 15 percent of the population has dyslexia. 

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Sources:  Dyslexia Center of UtahPBSdyslexia.learninginfo.org, Binda Dyslexia Center