The Millennium Declaration is a commitment signed by 189 world leaders in 2000 to work together to build a safer more prosperous, and equitable world.
The Declaration set up a map of 8 time-bound goals to achieve by 2015, which are now known as the Millennium Development Goals (or MDGs).
Worldwide,1.2 billion earn less than $1.25 a day. The UN hopes to end poverty by cutting this number in half.
MDG strives to promote gender equality. Women currently hold 19 percent of the seats in parliament, and the goal set is to empower women and eliminate gender disparity in all levels of education by 2015.
Children of mothers with no education in developing nations are more than twice as likely than children of secondary educated mothers to die before their 5th birthdays. MDG has set a goal to reduce child mortality by two-thirds.
Maternal deaths are especially common in developing nations. 34 percent of them are due to hemorrhaging and MDG strives to reduce these deaths by 75 percent.
Roughly two-thirds of the population of sub-Saharan Africa has HIV. One goal is to cut the growth of HIV in half.
The percent of underweight children in developing countries dropped from 28 percent in 1990 to 17 percent in 2011.
The world met the United Nations Millennium Development Goals target on access to safe drinking water, but has progress to be made in sanitation.
Some countries have made great progress with health-related targets. The countries falling behind are those affected by high cases of HIV/AIDS, economic hardship, and conflict.
Thanks to MDGs, cases of tuberculosis are declining, including non-HIV positive tuberculosis patients as well.
Check out background information about the goals. GO