Terms You Should Know About Veterans

Active Duty

A full-time occupation with the Army, Navy, Marine Corps., or Air Force.

Adult Day Health Care

Provides medical and rehabilitation services to disabled veterans.

American Legion

Founded in 1919, this is a federally charted mutual-aid organization for veterans. Members organize commemorative events and service opportunities for veterans. It also lobbies for benefits and support for veterans and service members.

American Veterans (AMVETS)

A volunteer-led organization for discharged veterans. It is involved with ROTC and JROTC programs that support young people interested in serving in the military.

Armed Forces

In the United States, armed forces include the Army, Navy, Marine Corps., Air Force, and Coast Guard. It also includes the Armed Forced reserve units and the Nation Guard units.

Combat Service

A status for veterans who served on active duty combat operations during the war.

Community Living Center

A living center that provides care to veterans with functional impairments.

Disabled American Veterans (DAV)

Founded in 1920, DAV is a non-profit organization aimed towards building a better life for disabled veterans and their families. Veterans are assisted in receiving benefits and services earned through their service.


A permanent release of a service member. Typically, a discharged member is not obligated to perform any military services. If they are discharged due to dishonor, they may find difficulty finding a job outside of the military.

Disability Compensation

A monetary benefit given to veterans injured during active military service.

National Survey of Veterans (NSV)

Nationwide surveys that are designed to help Veteran Affairs identity the needs of Veterans. These surveys help to plan future programs and allocate resources that are sure to meet the needs of veterans.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Caused by a traumatic experience related to death or injury. PTSD is a type of anxiety disorder that causes the individual to re-experience the traumatic experience in some way.

Purple Heart

A prestigious medal given by the military to service members who were injured during direct combat.

G.I. Bill

This bill was established by congress in 1944 in order to provide for college educations, loans, and other services for veterans returning from World War II. This bill has grown since it has been originated. It now provides more services for members who served in wars as well as peace time.


An individual who served in the military, naval, or air service, and was discharged for reasons other than dishonor.

Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW)

An organization for active-duty service members and veterans who have served in an overseas combat zone. This organization lobbies Congress in order to provide veterans with better benefits.

Veterans Affairs

Manage relationships between governments and veterans. In the U.S, veterans affairs are overseen by the U.S Department of Veterans Affairs and state departments of veterans affairs.


National Service Sources


Veteran Affairs