True/False about HIV transmission

Do you know the basic facts surrounding HIV transmission? Quiz yourself and others about how the infection is transferred from person to person.

I can become infected with HIV by having sex with multiple people.

The issue is if the person is using protection. No matter of you have sex with one or multiple partners, unprotected sex with an infected person puts you at risk.

I can get HIV from injecting drugs.

Needles can carry HIV if previously contaminated by someone else. That's why doctors always use a clean needle when they give you a shot.

I could get HIV from a toilet seat.

There is no evidence that HIV spreads from toilet seats or other objects that have just experienced outer skin contact.

If I am a fit and healthy person, I won't become infected with HIV.

No matter your health status, you could always become infected if you participate in unsafe activities.

Married couples or people in committed relationships don't contract HIV.

A ring on the finger doesn't mean that your spouse didn't have previously infected sexual partners, does not currently have unprotected sex outside of the marriage or injects drugs using contaminated equipment.

A woman cannot get HIV if she uses birth control or another contraceptive.

Only condoms offer women protection against HIV (but even condoms cannot offer complete safety). Other forms of contraception do not offer protection from HIV.

I could get HIV by using someone else's toothbrush.

There is no evidence of transmission from this (but it's still not a good idea for health reasons).

If I have sex with someone who looks healthy, I won't become infected with HIV.

People with HIV can look perfectly healthy.

If I only have sex with people I know, I won't become infected with HIV.

Knowing someone does not guarantee that they are not infected with HIV.

I can contract HIV from kissing.

There is no evidence that transmission can happen this way, but there are increased risks if the mouth has sores or cuts.

I cannot get HIV from oral sex.

Transmission is possible this way. HIV is present in a man's semen and a woman's vaginal secretions and menstrual blood.

Condoms can stop you becoming infected with HIV.

When used correctly, condoms will help to prevent transmission of HIV from an infected partner to an uninfected partner. However, condoms are not 100% safe. Abstinence is the only truly preventative way to prevent infection from an infected partner to an uninfected partner.