- A blizzard is a severe snow storm with winds in excess of 35 mph and visibility of less than a 1/4 mile for more than 3 hours.
- Blizzards can also occur after snowfall when high winds cause whiteouts (fallen snow blowing around) and snowdrifts (huge mountains of snow), which decrease visibility.
- To avoid hypothermia if caught outdoors during a blizzard, stay hydrated and nourished. Keep blood flowing by moving around. Also build a snow cave to block winds, which reduce your body temperature. And don't eat snow, it will make you colder! While keeping yourself safe, also think about the well-being of your animals by creating an emergency plan for your pets! Sign up for Save Our Pets.
- If you must travel by car during a blizzard, it is vital to have an emergency aid kit (water, jumper cables, road flares, tow rope, non-perishable snacks) in case your car breaks down, you get into an accident, or become stuck in the snow.
- The first blizzard to be declared a Federal Emergency was in 1977, affecting upstate New York and Southern Ohio. The storm’s accumulation was only about 12 inches over 5 days, but the winds were deadly.
- The Storm of the 20th Century took place in March, 1993. It was iconic for it’s hurricane wind force and massive size. And stretched from Canada to mid-America. The blizzard cause roughly 300 deaths and 10 million power outages.
- Traveling by car or foot is highly discouraged during blizzard conditions. It increases the chance of hypothermia, accident and death.
- Many blizzards stem from Nor’Easters, which are storms traveling up the east coast of America. Moisture gathers from the Atlantic and dumps large accumulations of snow all the way from Delaware to Maine.
- Rochester, New York is said to be the largest city with the most snow in the U.S., accumulating an average of 94 inches of snow every year.
- When a blizzard is in the forecast, you may receive a “Winter Storm Watch," which means there is a possibility of a storm taking effect. You could also receive a “Winter Storm Warning," which means a storm is on the way or already taking place.
- As soon as you receive a storm warning, get prepared. You could lose electricity (this includes hot water and heat), so stock up on non-perishable foods, blankets, flashlights, extra batteries, and candles beforehand.
National Weather Service. "Watch, Warning and Advisory Definitions." National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://www.srh.noaa.gov/oun/?n=spotter-wwa-definitions.
"Safe Driving During Winter Storms and White Out Conditions." Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://www.dot.state.pa.us/penndot/districts/district10.nsf/dfc272879f6d9ac58525726f005d63a9/ff8e1ff4fa3cde548525783f006061de?OpenDocument.
Oblack, Rachelle. "How to Survive a Blizzard." About.com Weather. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://weather.about.com/od/winterweather/a/winter_survival.htm.
Hamm, Trent. "Fifteen Things to Have in Your Car This Winter." The Simple Dollar. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://www.thesimpledollar.com/fifteen-things-to-have-in-your-car-this-winter/.
Warner, Gene. "As bad as the Blizzard of ’77? No way." Buffalo News. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://www.buffalonews.com/city-region/winter/as-bad-as-the-blizzard-of-77-no-way-20140107.
Ostro, Stu. "Memories of the Superstorm." Weather.com. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://www.weather.com/blog/weather/8_15036.html.
Leach, Matt. "How do blizzards form?." MSN Weather. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://local.msn.com/how-do-blizzards-form.
The Weather Channel. "Storm Encyclopedia." Weather.com. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://www.weather.com/encyclopedia/winter/noreast.html.
Leach, Matt. "How does snow form?." MSN Weather. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://local.msn.com/how-does-snow-form.
United States Department of Commerce. "Winter Weather." National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Accessed February 24, 2014, http://www.noaawatch.gov/themes/winter.php.
American Red Cross. "Winter Storm Preparedness." Accessed February 24, 2014, http://www.redcross.org/prepare/disaster/winter-storm.